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The portion which came under Russian rule, included Right-bank Ukraine, modern Belarus and eastern Lithuania, while eparchies (dioceses) of Lviv, Kholm, and Peremyshl (as part of Eastern Galicia) came under Austrian rule.In the easternmost areas of Podolia the existing uniate churches reverted to Orthodoxy.Since March 2011 the head of the church is Major Archbishop Sviatoslav Shevchuk.Within Ukraine itself, the UGCC is a minority of the religious population, being a distant second to the majority Eastern Orthodox faith.Because of that Patriarch Gregory III of Constantinople reorganized the Ruthenian Church in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (until 1569 the Grand Duchy of Lithuania) and its new primates were titled as Metropolitans of Kiev, Halych and all Ruthenia.He appointed Gregory II Bulgarian as the new Greek Catholic primate who in 1470 rejoined the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople under Dionysius I of Constantinople.

The Polish king Sigismund III Vasa was heavily influenced by the ideals of the Counter-Reformation and wanted to increase the Catholic presence in Ukraine.

were split three ways between the Austrian Empire (3), Prussia (1), and the Russian Empire (5).

Those three eparchies under Austrian jurisdiction were reorganized as the Greek Catholic Church soon after liquidation of all five eparchies that ended up in Russia.

In 1445 the Metropolitan Isidore with his see in Moscow joined the Council of Florence and became a papal legate of all Ruthenia and Lithuania.

After Isidore suffered prosecutions by local bishops and royalty of the Grand Duchy of Moscow, he was banned away from Muscovy, while the Muscovite princes appointed own Metropolitan Jonah of Moscow without consent of the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople.

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